This is an example for copying data from a local server to a remote server (push).

# cd / (starting directory)

# rysnc -avhP local_directory user@

-a = archive mode; equals -rlptgoD
-v = verbose
-h = human readable
-P = show progress

Example: To copy the /home directory from local server to remote server:

rysnc -avhP home admin@

NOTE: admin must be a root user. This also assumes SSH port is 22 with PermitRootLogin=yes

This is an example for copying data from a remote server to a local server (pull).

# cd / (starting directory)

# rysnc -avhP user@ local_directory

Other rsync options:

-v–verbose increase verbosity
-q–quiet suppress non-error messages
–no-motd suppress daemon-mode MOTD (see caveat)
-c–checksum skip based on checksum, not mod-time & size
-a–archive archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)
–no-OPTION turn off an implied OPTION (e.g. –no-D)
-r–recursive recurse into directories
-R–relative use relative path names
–no-implied-dirs don’t send implied dirs with –relative
-b, –backup make backups (see –suffix & –backup-dir)
–backup-dir=DIR make backups into hierarchy based in DIR
–suffix=SUFFIX backup suffix (default ~ w/o –backup-dir)
-u–update skip files that are newer on the receiver
–inplace update destination files in-place
–append append data onto shorter files
–append-verify –append w/old data in file checksum
-d–dirs transfer directories without recursing
-l–links copy symlinks as symlinks
-L–copy-links transform symlink into referent file/dir
–copy-unsafe-links only “unsafe” symlinks are transformed
–safe-links ignore symlinks that point outside the tree
-k–copy-dirlinks transform symlink to dir into referent dir
-K–keep-dirlinks treat symlinked dir on receiver as dir
-H–hard-links preserve hard links
-p–perms preserve permissions
-E–executability preserve executability
–chmod=CHMOD affect file and/or directory permissions
-A–acls preserve ACLs (implies -p)
-X–xattrs preserve extended attributes
-o–owner preserve owner (super-user only)
-g–group preserve group
–devices preserve device files (super-user only)
–specials preserve special files
-D same as –devices –specials
-t–times preserve modification times
-O–omit-dir-times omit directories from –times
–super receiver attempts super-user activities
–fake-super store/recover privileged attrs using xattrs
-S, –sparse handle sparse files efficiently
-n–dry-run perform a trial run with no changes made
-W–whole-file copy files whole (w/o delta-xfer algorithm)
-x–one-file-system don’t cross filesystem boundaries
-B–block-size=SIZE force a fixed checksum block-size
-e–rsh=COMMAND specify the remote shell to use
–rsync-path=PROGRAM specify the rsync to run on remote machine
–existing skip creating new files on receiver
–ignore-existing skip updating files that exist on receiver
–remove-source-files sender removes synchronized files (non-dir)
–del an alias for –delete-during
–delete delete extraneous files from dest dirs
–delete-before receiver deletes before transfer, not during
–delete-during receiver deletes during the transfer
–delete-delay find deletions during, delete after
–delete-after receiver deletes after transfer, not during
–delete-excluded also delete excluded files from dest dirs
–ignore-errors delete even if there are I/O errors
–force force deletion of dirs even if not empty
–max-delete=NUM don’t delete more than NUM files
–max-size=SIZE don’t transfer any file larger than SIZE
–min-size=SIZE don’t transfer any file smaller than SIZE
–partial keep partially transferred files
–partial-dir=DIR put a partially transferred file into DIR
–delay-updates put all updated files into place at end
-m–prune-empty-dirs prune empty directory chains from file-list
–numeric-ids don’t map uid/gid values by user/group name
–timeout=SECONDS set I/O timeout in seconds
–contimeout=SECONDS set daemon connection timeout in seconds
-I–ignore-times don’t skip files that match size and time
–size-only skip files that match in size
–modify-window=NUM compare mod-times with reduced accuracy
-T–temp-dir=DIR create temporary files in directory DIR
-y–fuzzy find similar file for basis if no dest file
–compare-dest=DIR also compare received files relative to DIR
–copy-dest=DIR … and include copies of unchanged files
–link-dest=DIR hardlink to files in DIR when unchanged
-z–compress compress file data during the transfer
–compress-level=NUM explicitly set compression level
–skip-compress=LIST skip compressing files with suffix in LIST
-C–cvs-exclude auto-ignore files in the same way CVS does
-f–filter=RULE add a file-filtering RULE
-F same as –filter=’dir-merge /.rsync-filter’repeated: –filter=’- .rsync-filter’
–exclude=PATTERN exclude files matching PATTERN
–exclude-from=FILE read exclude patterns from FILE
–include=PATTERN don’t exclude files matching PATTERN
–include-from=FILE read include patterns from FILE
–files-from=FILE read list of source-file names from FILE
-0–from0 all *from/filter files are delimited by 0s
-s–protect-args no space-splitting; wildcard chars only
–address=ADDRESS bind address for outgoing socket to daemon
–port=PORT specify double-colon alternate port number
–sockopts=OPTIONS specify custom TCP options
–blocking-io use blocking I/O for the remote shell
–stats give some file-transfer stats
-8–8-bit-output leave high-bit chars unescaped in output
-h–human-readable output numbers in a human-readable format
–progress show progress during transfer
-P same as –partial –progress
-i, –itemize-changes output a change-summary for all updates
–out-format=FORMAT output updates using the specified FORMAT
–log-file=FILE log what we’re doing to the specified FILE
–log-file-format=FMT log updates using the specified FMT
–password-file=FILE read daemon-access password from FILE
–list-only list the files instead of copying them
–bwlimit=KBPS limit I/O bandwidth; KBytes per second
–write-batch=FILE write a batched update to FILE
–only-write-batch=FILE like –write-batch but w/o updating dest
–read-batch=FILE read a batched update from FILE
–protocol=NUM force an older protocol version to be used
–iconv=CONVERT_SPEC request charset conversion of filenames
–checksum-seed=NUM set block/file checksum seed (advanced)
-4–ipv4 prefer IPv4
-6–ipv6 prefer IPv6
–version print version number
-h–help show help


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